Authentic Egyptian Hamam Mahshi Recipe | Egyptian style stuffed pigeon Recipe

Are you ready to embark on a culinary journey to Egypt? One of the most beloved dishes in Egyptian cuisine is Hamam Mahshi, a delightful stuffed pigeon dish that reflects the rich flavors and heritage of the region. This dish Hamam Mahshi is perfect for special occasions or when you want to impress your guests with a taste of traditional Egyptian cooking. Here is ingredients and steps to create this flavorful Authentic Egyptian Hamam Mahshi.

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Authentic Egyptian Hamam Mahshi Recipe - Recipica

Ingredients of Egyptian Hamam Mahshi:

  • Pigeons (4-6 pigeons): Look for fresh, plump pigeons at your local butcher or specialty meat store.
  • Rice (1 cup): Choose a good quality long-grain rice for stuffing.
  • Onion (1 large, finely chopped): Adds depth of flavor to the stuffing.
  • Butter (2 tablespoons): For sautéing the onions and rice.
  • Pine nuts (1/4 cup): Toasted pine nuts add a delicious crunch to the stuffing.
  • Salt and pepper (to taste): Season the stuffing mixture to your preference.
  • Spices: Cinnamon, allspice, and nutmeg (1/2 teaspoon each): These warm spices complement the flavors of the pigeon.
  • Garlic cloves (2-3, minced): Enhances the savory notes of the dish.
  • Chicken or vegetable broth (2 cups): Used for cooking the stuffed pigeons.
  • Lemon juice (2 tablespoons): Adds a tangy brightness to the dish.
  • Olive oil (2 tablespoons): For drizzling and flavor.

Instructions of Making Hamam Mahshi:

1. Prepare the pigeons:
  • Clean the pigeons thoroughly, removing any feathers and excess fat.
  • Wash them under cold water and pat dry with paper towels.
2. Prepare the stuffing:
  • In a pan, melt the butter over medium heat.
  • Now add the chopped onions in the butter and sauté until it become translucent.
  • Stir in the minced garlic and rice, toasting them lightly.
  • Add the toasted pine nuts, salt, pepper, and spices. Mix well.
  • Pour in a little water or broth (about 1/2 cup) and let the mixture simmer until the rice is partially cooked but still firm. Adjust seasoning if needed.
3. Stuff the pigeons:
  • Stuff each pigeon cavity with the prepared rice mixture, but don't overfill to allow room for the rice to expand during cooking.
  • Truss the legs of each pigeon with kitchen twine to secure the stuffing.
4. Cooking the Hamam Mahshi:
  • Preheat your oven to 375°F (190°C).
  • Place the stuffed pigeons in a baking dish or roasting pan.
  • Pour the chicken or vegetable broth into the pan, enough to cover the bottom.
  • Drizzle the pigeons with olive oil and lemon juice.
  • Cover the pan with aluminum foil or a lid and bake for about 45-60 minutes, or until the pigeons are cooked through and tender. Baste occasionally with the pan juices.
5. Serve and enjoy:
  • Remove the pigeons from the oven once it is cooked and let them rest for a few minutes.
  • Serve the Hamam Mahshi hot, garnished with fresh herbs like parsley or cilantro.
  • Accompany with a side of Egyptian bread, salad, and tahini sauce for a complete meal.
This Egyptian Hamam Mahshi recipe captures the essence of Egyptian cuisine with its aromatic spices, tender pigeon meat, and flavorful rice stuffing. Try it out for your next special occasion and savor the taste of Egypt right at your own table!

Tips and Variations:

1. Ingredient Substitutions: If you have difficulty finding pigeons or prefer an alternative, you can use Cornish game hens or quail for a similar flavor profile. Adjust the cooking time accordingly based on the size of the poultry you choose.

2. Herb Infusion: Enhance the flavor of the broth by adding a bouquet garni of fresh herbs such as thyme, rosemary, and bay leaves. This will infuse the dish with subtle herbal notes during cooking.

3. Spice Blend: You can always customize the spice blend to suit your taste preferences. Some variations include adding cumin, paprika, or a pinch of chili powder for a hint of heat.

4. Serving Suggestions: Hamam Mahshi is traditionally served with a side of Egyptian bread like baladi bread or pita bread. You can also serve it alongside a refreshing cucumber and tomato salad dressed with olive oil, lemon juice, and a sprinkle of sumac.

5. Leftover Ideas: If you have any leftover stuffed pigeons, they can be refrigerated and enjoyed the next day. Reheat them gently in the oven to maintain their tenderness.

Cultural Significance:

Hamam Mahshi holds a special place in Egyptian cuisine and culture. It is often served during festive occasions such as weddings, holidays like Eid al-Fitr or Eid al-Adha, and other celebratory gatherings. The meticulous preparation and rich flavors symbolize hospitality and generosity, making it a cherished dish among families and communities.


In conclusion, mastering the art of making Hamam Mahshi brings a taste of Egypt's culinary heritage to your dining table. The combination of tender, flavorful pigeon meat and fragrant rice stuffing infused with aromatic spices creates a dish that is both comforting and indulgent. Whether you're exploring Egyptian cuisine for the first time or seeking to recreate cherished flavors, this recipe is sure to impress and delight your taste buds. Gather your ingredients, follow the steps with care, and enjoy the savory delights of Hamam Mahshi with loved ones for a memorable dining experience. Bon appétit (or as they say in Arabic, "Sahtein!")

Here are some Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) about Hamam Mahshi

FAQ 1 : What is Hamam Mahshi?

Hamam Mahshi is a traditional Egyptian dish made with stuffed pigeons. The pigeons are typically filled with a flavorful rice mixture and cooked until tender, creating a dish with rich, aromatic flavors.

FAQ 2 : Can I use a different type of poultry for this recipe?

Yes, you can substitute pigeons with Cornish game hens, quail, or even small chickens. Adjust the cooking time accordingly based on the size of the poultry you choose.

FAQ 3 : What spices are typically used in the stuffing for Hamam Mahshi?

Traditional spices used in the stuffing include cinnamon, allspice, and nutmeg, which impart warm and aromatic flavors to the dish. However, some variations may include additional spices like cumin, paprika, or chili powder.

FAQ 4 : How long does it take to cook Hamam Mahshi?

The cooking time for Hamam Mahshi can vary depending on the size of the pigeons or poultry used. Generally, it takes about 45-60 minutes in the oven at 375°F (190°C) for the pigeons to cook through and become tender.

FAQ 5 : Can I prepare Hamam Mahshi in advance?

Yes, you can prepare the stuffed pigeons in advance and refrigerate them until ready to cook. This can be convenient for meal planning or when hosting gatherings. Just remember to bring the pigeons to room temperature before baking.

FAQ 6 : What are some traditional accompaniments for Hamam Mahshi?

Hamam Mahshi is often served with Egyptian bread such as baladi bread or pita bread. It pairs well with a side of fresh salad, tahini sauce, and pickled vegetables for a complete and satisfying meal.

FAQ 7 : Is Hamam Mahshi a dish for special occasions?

Yes, Hamam Mahshi is considered a special dish in Egyptian cuisine and is often served during festive occasions such as weddings, holidays, and family gatherings. It reflects the hospitality and generosity of Egyptian culinary traditions.

Recipe Card
Cuisine: Egypt Dish, Course: Main Dish, Prep Time: 20 minutes, Cook Time: 1hour 30 minutes, Total Time: 1 hour 50 minutes, Servings: 4  

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